If they do not align correctly, they cannot move individually to opposite poles in the later phases of mitosis, and the result will be one cell with extra chromosomes and a daughter cell with missing chromosomes. These mutations can lead to harmful results such as cell death, organic disease or cancer.
What might happen if the process of the cell cycle went wrong?
Nondisjunction is the result of failure of chromosomes to separate during mitosis. This leads to new cells with either extra or missing chromosomes; a condition called aneuploidy. … For those children born with aneuploidy, severe genetic conditions result.
What are 2 ways that mitosis is important for your body?
Two ways that mitosis is important for your body is that it . . . – it helps with a repair. An example is when you get a cut, mitosis develops new cells to build over the old ones. Mitosis is just one small part of the cell cycle.
What will happen to your body if we don’t have cells?
Cells make up tissues, like connective tissue, skeletal tissue, nervous tissue and fatty tissue. Tissues make up organs like your heart, your liver, your brain, spleen, stomach and so on. With no cells, there are no tissues or organs. Humans would not exist.
What can cause cells to go wrong?
Cancer is unchecked cell growth. Mutations in genes can cause cancer by accelerating cell division rates or inhibiting normal controls on the system, such as cell cycle arrest or programmed cell death. As a mass of cancerous cells grows, it can develop into a tumor.
What if conditions Cannot be repaired?
If a cell has an error in its DNA that cannot be repaired, it may undergo self-destruction (apoptosis ). Apoptosis is a common process throughout life that helps the body get rid of cells that no longer work or that it doesn’t need.
What are the advantages of mitosis?
Mitosis creates identical copies of the original cells. This allows our skin or our liver to be made of identical cells and allows plants to be able to mass produce leaves with identical properties. Imagine if every one of our skin cells had different DNA!