The major difference between meiosis II and mitosis is the ploidy of the starting cell. Meiosis II begins with two haploid cells, which have half the number of chromosomes as somatic cells. This is because they will develop into gametes. Mitosis begins with a diploid cell.
What is a major difference between meiosis II and mitosis quizlet?
half the number of chromosomes and one-fourth the amount of DNA. Homologous chromosomes of a pair are separated from each other. What is a major difference between meiosis II and mitosis in a diploid animal? Meiosis II occurs in a haploid cell, while mitosis occurs in diploid cells.
What is a major difference between meiosis II and mitosis in a diploid cell?
Meiosis II produces 4 haploid cells, whereas mitosis produces 2 diploid cells.
Which of these is a major difference between meiosis and mitosis?
Mitosis involves the division of body cells, while meiosis involves the division of sex cells. The division of a cell occurs once in mitosis but twice in meiosis. Two daughter cells are produced after mitosis and cytoplasmic division, while four daughter cells are produced after meiosis.
What are the 3 main differences between mitosis and meiosis?
Mitosis consists of one stage whereas meiosis consists of two stages. Mitosis produces diploid cells (46 chromosomes) whereas meiosis produces haploid cells (23 chromosomes). Mitosis produces two identical daughter cells whereas meiosis produces four genetically different daughter cells.
What is a major difference between mitosis and meiosis 1 in a diploid organism?
What is a major difference between mitosis and meiosis I in a diploid organism? Sister chromatids separate in mitosis, while homologous pairs of chromosomes separate in meiosis I.
Does DNA replicate twice in meiosis?
Note: The DNA replication occurs only once in both meiosis and mitosis although the number of cell divisions is two in meiosis and one in mitosis which results in the production of different numbers of haploid cells in both the process.
How does human life depend on mitosis?
Replacement and regeneration of new cells– Regeneration and replacement of worn-out and damaged tissues is a very important function of mitosis in living organisms. Mitosis helps in the production of identical copies of cells and thus helps in repairing the damaged tissue or replacing the worn-out cells.
What are the three goals of mitosis?
Mitosis is important for three main reasons: development and growth cell replacement and asexual reproduction.