Individual chromosomes align on the metaphase plate and sister chromatids separate at anaphase in both mitosis and meiosis II.
During which phases of mitosis do you have sister chromatids?
Metaphase leads to anaphase, during which each chromosome’s sister chromatids separate and move to opposite poles of the cell. Enzymatic breakdown of cohesin — which linked the sister chromatids together during prophase — causes this separation to occur.
What is the first step in both mitosis and meiosis?
First phase of mitosis in which chromosomes condense, the nuclear membrane disappears and spindle fibers as well as centrioles appear. Occurs in Prophase I of Meiosis when the sister chromatids get close together and swap DNA.
Which of the following is shared in both meiosis and mitosis?
Aside from these two distinct purposes, both mitosis and meiosis occur in multiple stages during which the same general things happen: DNA replication and condensation, nuclear membrane degradation, spindle formation, chromosomal segregation and nuclear reformation.
What is the difference between meiosis 1 and meiosis 2?
There are two divisions in meiosis; the first division is meiosis I: the number of cells is doubled but the number of chromosomes is not. This results in 1/2 as many chromosomes per cell. The second division is meiosis II: this division is like mitosis; the number of chromosomes does not get reduced.
Which sequence of stages in mitosis is correct?
Mitosis has four sequential stages: prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase.
What phases of mitosis are chromosomes visible?
Prophase is the first stage of mitosis. In prophase, chromosomes condense and become visible.
What occurs in each phase of mitosis?
1) Prophase: chromatin into chromosomes, the nuclear envelope break down, chromosomes attach to spindle fibres by their centromeres 2) Metaphase: chromosomes line up along the metaphase plate (centre of the cell) 3) Anaphase: sister chromatids are pulled to opposite poles of the cell 4) Telophase: nuclear envelope …
What is the similarities and differences between mitosis and meiosis?
Mitosis produces two cells from one parent using one division event. But meiosis produces four new child cells with two divisions, each of which has half the genetic material of its parent. Mitosis takes place all over the body, while meiosis only takes place in the sex organs and produces sex cells.
What are the similarities and differences of mitosis and meiosis?
Mitosis results in two nuclei that are identical to the original nucleus. Meiosis, on the other hand, results in four nuclei that each has ½ the chromosomes of the original cell. In animals, meiosis only occurs in the cells that give rise to the sex cells (gametes), i.e., the egg and the sperm.
What is the main difference between mitosis and meiosis?
Cells divide and reproduce in two ways, mitosis and meiosis. Mitosis results in two identical daughter cells, whereas meiosis results in four sex cells. Below we highlight the keys differences and similarities between the two types of cell division.