Heterozygous refers to having inherited different forms of a particular gene from each parent. A heterozygous genotype stands in contrast to a homozygous genotype, where an individual inherits identical forms of a particular gene from each parent.
What is the meaning of homozygous and heterozygous?
If the two alleles at a locus are identical to each other, they are homozygous; if they are different from one another, they are heterozygous. Like all words with the prefix hetero, heterozygous has to do with things that are different — specifically genes. When alleles are heterozygous they are unalike in some way.
What is heterozygous and homozygous examples?
Homozygous means that the organism has two copies of the same allele for a gene. … Heterozygous means that an organism has two different alleles of a gene. For example, pea plants can have red flowers and either be homozygous dominant (red-red), or heterozygous (red-white).
What is the meaning of heterozygous in genetics?
Listen to pronunciation. (HEH-teh-roh-ZY-gus JEE-noh-tipe) The presence of two different alleles at a particular gene locus. A heterozygous genotype may include one normal allele and one mutated allele or two different mutated alleles (compound heterozygote).
Are humans homozygous or heterozygous?
Since humans possess two copies of each chromosome, they also have two copies of each gene and locus on those chromosomes. Each of these trait-encoding genes (or loci) is called an allele. … If the alleles are different, the person is heterozygous for that trait.
What is an example of heterozygous?
If the two versions are different, you have a heterozygous genotype for that gene. For example, being heterozygous for hair color could mean you have one allele for red hair and one allele for brown hair. The relationship between the two alleles affects which traits are expressed.
Are blue eyes homozygous?
The homozygous blue-eyed parent can only pass down a blue allele. The heterozygous brown-eyed parent can pass down a blue allele or a brown allele. … Similarly, the children who inherit two blue alleles, i.e., a blue-blue genotype, will have a blue-eye phenotype and have blue eyes.
Is YY homozygous or heterozygous?
YY is the homozygous dominant genotype (2 Y alleles). The phenotype of this genotype is yellow seed color. Yy is the heterozygous genotype (one dominant allele, one recessive allele).