You asked: What does this word mean chromosome?

(KROH-muh-some) A structure found inside the nucleus of a cell. A chromosome is made up of proteins and DNA organized into genes. Each cell normally contains 23 pairs of chromosomes.

What is the full meaning of chromosome?

chromosome in American English

(ˈkroʊməˌsoʊm ) noun. any of the microscopic rod-shaped bodies formed by the incorporation of the chromatin in a cell nucleus during mitosis and meiosis: they carry the genes that convey hereditary characteristics, and are constant in number for each species.

What is a chromosome in simple words?

A chromosome is a strand of DNA that is encoded with genes. In most cells, humans have 22 pairs of these chromosomes plus the two sex chromosomes (XX in females and XY in males) for a total of 46.

What is another word chromosome?

Chromosome Synonyms – WordHippo Thesaurus.

What is another word for chromosome?

RNA DNA
heredity chromatin
deoxyribonucleic acid nucleic acid
genetic code

What is the root word for chromosome?

Etymology. The word chromosome (/ˈkroʊməˌsoʊm, -ˌzoʊm/) comes from the Greek χρῶμα (chroma, “colour”) and σῶμα (soma, “body”), describing their strong staining by particular dyes. … For example, Chromatin (Flemming 1880) and Chromosom (Waldeyer 1888), both ascribe color to a non-colored state.

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What’s a real life example of a chromosome?

Frequency: The definition of a chromosome is a thread-like structure of DNA (nucleic acids and proteins) that carries genes. The “X” or “Y” gene that determines whether you will be a boy or a girl is an example of a chromosome.

What is the best definition of a chromosome?

(KROH-muh-some) A structure found inside the nucleus of a cell. A chromosome is made up of proteins and DNA organized into genes. Each cell normally contains 23 pairs of chromosomes.

Can a female have XY chromosome?

The X and Y chromosomes are called “sex chromosomes” because they contribute to how a person’s sex develops. Most males have XY chromosomes and most women have XX chromosomes. But there are girls and women who have XY chromosomes. This can happen, for example, when a girl has androgen insensitivity syndrome.

How many genes are in a chromosome?

Chromosome 1 likely contains 2,000 to 2,100 genes that provide instructions for making proteins.

What is meant by genotype?

In a broad sense, the term “genotype” refers to the genetic makeup of an organism; in other words, it describes an organism’s complete set of genes. Each pair of alleles represents the genotype of a specific gene. … For example, in sweet pea plants, the gene for flower color has two alleles.

What’s another word for gene?

synonyms for gene

  • RNA.
  • chromosome.
  • heredity.
  • genetic code.
  • nucleic acid.
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