The underside of the prothallus is where the gametes are produced from the male and female sex organs. The prothallus has both male and female sex organs.
Do ferns produce seeds and gametes?
e)Ferns produce seeds and gametes. A pollen grain is always haploid and multicellular.
Do C ferns produce gametes?
In ferns, seed plants and other vascular plants, the sporophyte is the dominant phase of the life cycle and produces spores by meiosis. … Under the right conditions, spores grow by mitotic divisions and differentiate into multicellular plants that eventually produce gametes. Look at the vial of C-Fern spores.
Do ferns produce gametes or spores?
Ferns and horsetails have two free-living generations: a diploid sporophyte generation (spore-producing plant) and. a haploid gametophyte generation (gamete-producing plant).
Where do ferns grow best?
Woodland ferns do best in high or dappled shade. The open shade of mature trees or the north side of the house or a wall, open to the sky, provide nearly ideal light conditions. Most woodland ferns will adapt to relatively low light levels, but no ferns thrive in deep shade.
Do ferns have male and female parts?
Unlike most flowering plants, individual ferns are either male or female — not both. Their sex doesn’t become fixed until after germination, in their early growth stages. … These plants absorb it and finish the job, turning it into full-blown gibberellin, which leads them to develop into males.
Can ferns reproduce asexually?
Sporophyte ferns have two methods of asexual reproduction. One is by vegetative cloning, branching off of the root-like underground stem, or rhizome, often forming large, genetically uniform colonies. The second form of asexual reproduction occurs by spores.
How do ferns multiply?
Ferns can multiply naturally via two mechanisms, vegetative and sexual. Vegetative reproduction occurs by producing new plantlets along underground runners, or rhizomes. Sexual reproduction occurs via the production of spores, which lead to the production tiny plants that make both eggs and sperm.
Do Boston ferns have spores?
Although the Boston fern has been around for nearly a century, it has not suffered from ennui as so many indoor plants have. … It does not produce viable spores, so the Boston fern must be propagated vegetatively by divisions of the crown or by rooting runners (underground stolons).
How do fiddlehead ferns reproduce?
One method of reproduction involves spores, which the fertile frond produces. The other method is through the rhizome which sends up ‘daughter plants’. These daughter plants spring up around the parent plant with new growth that is then harvested as the fiddlehead.
How do moss and ferns reproduce?
To reproduce sexually, mosses and ferns produce sperm and eggs. … Ferns produce spores on the undersides of their fronds in cases called sporangia, and mosses produce their spores in capsules that are borne on the ends of stalks.
Where and how are spores produced in a fern?
On the underside of the fronds are sporangia. Within the sporangia are spore producing cells called sporogenous cells. These cells undergo meiosis to form haploid spores. The spores on most ferns are the same size and perform the same function.