During anaphase, the centromeres of each chromosome split and the mitotic spindle pulls the sister chromatids apart.
What structures pull the sister chromatids apart?
The movement of chromosomes is facilitated by a structure called the mitotic spindle, which consists of microtubules and associated proteins. Spindles extend from centrioles on each of the two sides (or poles) of the cell, attach to the chromosomes and align them, and pull the sister chromatids apart.
What happens to sister chromatids during anaphase of mitosis?
The sister chromatids are pairs of identical copies of DNA joined at a point called the centromere. During anaphase, each pair of chromosomes is separated into two identical, independent chromosomes. … The sister chromatids are separated simultaneously at their centromeres.
What happens if both sister chromatids move to the same pole during mitosis?
The first round of chromosome segregation (meiosis I) is unique in that sister chromatids move together to the same spindle pole while homologous chromosomes move apart from each other to the opposite poles. … This leads to the formation of chiasmata, which maintain homolog association until the onset of anaphase I.
What happens when spindle fibers don’t form?
Spindle fiber formation occurs but spindle fibers cannot function properly, i.e. they cannot separate the daughter chromosomes in the division process. … Chromosomes clump in several areas of the cell rather than along the single metaphase plate. Mitosis is disrupted and growth increases.
How many chromosomes do human daughter cells have?
At the end of mitosis, the two daughter cells will be exact copies of the original cell. Each daughter cell will have 30 chromosomes. At the end of meiosis II, each cell (i.e., gamete) would have half the original number of chromosomes, that is, 15 chromosomes. 2.