What percentage of people with Down syndrome have sleep apnea?

Children with Down syndrome (DS) are at greater risk for development of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). The incidence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is estimated to be between 30% and 60% in the DS population.

Why do people with Down syndrome have sleep apnea?

Down syndrome can affect both mental and physical development. According to the AASM, OSA occurs when soft tissue in the back of the throat collapses and blocks the airway during sleep. People with Down syndrome often have physical features that increase the risk of OSA.

Which of the following features in patients with Down’s syndrome predispose them to have obstructive sleep apnea?

Patients with DS have many predisposing factors for OSAS, including midfacial hypoplasia and mandibular hypoplasia,7,8 glossoptosis, an abnormally small upper airway with superficially positioned tonsils and relative tonsillar and adenoidal encroachment, increased secretions, an increased incidence of lower respiratory …

Does Down syndrome cause sleep apnea?

Children with Down syndrome (DS) are at greater risk for development of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). The incidence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is estimated to be between 30% and 60% in the DS population.

What is sleep apnea in Down syndrome?

Obstructive sleep apnoea/hypopnoea syndrome (OSAHS) is characterised by repeated cycles of upper airway obstruction during sleep, leading to diurnal symptoms. Individuals with Down syndrome are predisposed to OSAHS due to overlap between the Down syndrome phenotype and OSAHS risk factors.

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How can difficulties of Down syndrome be overcome?

Down syndrome cannot be cured. Early treatment programs can help improve skills. They may include speech, physical, occupational, and/or educational therapy. With support and treatment, many people with Down syndrome live happy, productive lives.

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