What is the description of Down syndrome?

Down syndrome is a chromosomal condition that is associated with intellectual disability, a characteristic facial appearance, and weak muscle tone (hypotonia) in infancy. All affected individuals experience cognitive delays, but the intellectual disability is usually mild to moderate.

What is Down syndrome summary?

Down syndrome is a condition in which a person is born with an extra copy of chromosome 21. People with Down syndrome can have physical problems, as well as intellectual disabilities. Every person born with Down syndrome is different. People with the syndrome may also have other health problems.

What is Down syndrome in simple terms?

Down syndrome: A common birth defect that is usually due to an extra chromosome 21 (trisomy 21). Down syndrome causes mental retardation, a characteristic facial appearance, and multiple malformations. It occurs most frequently in children born to mothers over age 35.

Can a child with Down syndrome look normal?

Some of the children with Mosaic Down syndrome that we know do not actually look as if they have Down syndrome – the usual physical features are not obvious. This raises some important and difficult social issues and identity issues for both parents and children, which parents have discussed with us.

Why is Down syndrome not curable?

Down syndrome is a random occurrence in nature. It has no cure or prevention measures. Down syndrome is not a disease, disorder, defect or medical condition and therefore does not require treatment, prevention or a cure.

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Is Down syndrome a disability?

Down syndrome is the most frequent chromosomal cause of mild to moderate intellectual disability, and it occurs in all ethnic and economic groups. The degree of intellectual disability in people with Down syndrome varies but is usually mild to moderate.

What are the 3 types of Down syndrome?

There are three types of Down syndrome:

  • Trisomy 21. This is by far the most common type, where every cell in the body has three copies of chromosome 21 instead of two.
  • Translocation Down syndrome. In this type, each cell has part of an extra chromosome 21, or an entirely extra one. …
  • Mosaic Down syndrome.

What part of the body does Down syndrome mostly affect?

Down syndrome, the most common chromosome-related genetic condition in the U.S., affects development of the brain and body.

Is Down syndrome painful?

While individuals with Down syndrome are at increased risk to experience pain due to congenital and acquired abnormalities and environmental risk factors (e.g., higher risk of accidental injury), they typically have difficulty in expressing their pain and their caregivers face great challenges in identifying and …

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