What is genotype Class 10 Ncert?

Genotype refers to the genetic constitution of living organisms. A genotype is the total sum of genes transferred from parents to offspring. Alternatively, a genotype can also be defined as the complete set of heritable genes that can be transferred to the offsprings from its parents.

What do you mean by genotype?

In a broad sense, the term “genotype” refers to the genetic makeup of an organism; in other words, it describes an organism’s complete set of genes. Each pair of alleles represents the genotype of a specific gene. … For example, in sweet pea plants, the gene for flower color has two alleles.

What is genotype short answer?

Genotype: The genetic constitution (genome) of a cell, an individual, or an organism. The genotype is distinct from the expressed features, or phenotype, of the cell, individual, or organism. The genotype of a person is that person’s genetic makeup. It can pertain to all genes or to a specific gene.

What are the 3 types of genotypes?

There are three types of genotypes: homozygous dominant, homozygous recessive, and hetrozygous.

What is phenotype example?

Examples of phenotypes include height, wing length, and hair color. Phenotypes also include observable characteristics that can be measured in the laboratory, such as levels of hormones or blood cells.

How do you read a genotype?

genotype = the genes of an organism; for one specific trait we use two letters to represent the genotype. A capital letter represents the dominant form of a gene (allele), and a lowercase letter is the abbreviation for the recessive form of the gene (allele).

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What is another name of genotype?

In this page you can discover 17 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for genotype, like: phenotype, serologically, , wild-type, , genetic constitution, allele, haplotypes, ebv, haplotype and genotypic.

Which genotype is the best?

Health Tips

  • Types of Genotype. The genotypes in humans are AA, AS, AC, SS. They refer to the hemoglobin gene constituents on the red blood cells. …
  • Compatible genotypes for marriage are: AA marries an AA. That’s the best compatible. …
  • Solution. The only thing that can change the genotype is the bone marrow transplant (BMT).

What is a phenotype easy definition?

1 : the observable characteristics or traits of an organism that are produced by the interaction of the genotype and the environment : the physical expression of one or more genes Considering that modern maize is a tetraploid, it is remarkable how many single gene mutations cause profound changes in phenotype.—

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