When a particular gene has identical alleles (versions) of chromosomes inherited from both parents, the gene is homozygous. … A homozygous trait is referred to by two capital letters (XX) for a dominant trait, and two lowercase letters (xx) for a recessive trait.
What is an example of heterozygous letters?
An individual that contains two different alleles of a gene is heterozygous. A cow that has two alleles for a red coat is homozygous (bb). A bull with two alleles for a black coat is homozygous (BB). A calf that has one allele for red coat color and one allele for black coat color is heterozygous (Bb).
What are some examples of homozygous?
- Eye color. The brown eye color allele is dominant over the blue eye allele. You can have brown eyes whether you’re homozygous (two alleles for brown eyes) or heterozygous (one for brown and one for blue). …
- Freckles. Freckles are tiny brown spots on the skin. …
- Hair color. Red hair is a recessive trait.
Is AA genotype homozygous?
A homozygous genotype means that you have two of the same alleles, which are represented by the letters A or a. So if an individual has AA or aa, we say they are homozygous.
Is homozygous the same letter?
Capital letters show a dominant allele, while lowercase letters show a recessive allele. The first type of combination is homozygous, which means there are two copies of the same allele for a trait.
What are 3 heterozygous examples?
Heterozygous means that an organism has two different alleles of a gene. For example, pea plants can have red flowers and either be homozygous dominant (red-red), or heterozygous (red-white). If they have white flowers, then they are homozygous recessive (white-white). Carriers are always heterozygous.
What traits are homozygous?
When a particular gene has identical alleles (versions) of chromosomes inherited from both parents, the gene is homozygous. A homozygous trait is referred to by two capital letters (XX) for a dominant trait, and two lowercase letters (xx) for a recessive trait.
How do you say the word homozygous?
Also ho·mo·zy·got·ic [hoh-moh-zahy-got-ik, hom-oh-].
Is homozygous dominant?
An organism with two dominant alleles for a trait is said to have a homozygous dominant genotype. Using the eye color example, this genotype is written BB. An organism with one dominant allele and one recessive allele is said to have a heterozygous genotype.
Is AA a genotype?
What is a Genotype? … There are four hemoglobin genotypes (hemoglobin pairs/formations) in humans: AA, AS, SS and AC (uncommon). SS and AC are the abnormal genotypes or the sickle cells. We all have a specific pair of these hemoglobin in our blood which we inherited from both parents.