If your results were abnormal (not normal,) it means you or your child has more or fewer than 46 chromosomes, or there is something abnormal about the size, shape, or structure of one or more of your chromosomes. Abnormal chromosomes can cause a variety of health problems.
What does abnormal male karyotype mean?
Abnormal karyotype test results could mean that you or your baby have unusual chromosomes. This may indicate genetic diseases and disorders such as: Down syndrome (also known as trisomy 21), which causes developmental delays and intellectual disabilities.
What causes abnormal in karyotype?
Chromosome abnormalities often happen due to one or more of these: Errors during dividing of sex cells (meiosis) Errors during dividing of other cells (mitosis) Exposure to substances that cause birth defects (teratogens)
What is karyotype test for infertility?
The Karyotype Test
This test may also be called a chromosome analysis. During the karyotype test, blood cells are processed and photographed to determine if there are any missing or extra chromosomes, or if there are any structural changes that could prevent you from getting pregnant or that could cause miscarriages.
What diseases can be detected by karyotyping?
The most common things doctors look for with karyotype tests include:
- Down syndrome (trisomy 21). A baby has an extra, or third, chromosome 21. …
- Edwards syndrome (trisomy 18). A baby has an extra 18th chromosome. …
- Patau syndrome (trisomy 13). A baby has an extra 13th chromosome. …
- Klinefelter syndrome . …
- Turner syndrome .
Can you fix chromosomal abnormalities?
In many cases, there is no treatment or cure for chromosomal abnormalities. However, genetic counseling, occupational therapy, physical therapy and medicines may be recommended.
What are the signs and symptoms of chromosomal abnormalities?
Symptoms depend on the type of chromosomal anomaly, and can include the following:
- Abnormally-shaped head.
- Below average height.
- Cleft lip (openings in the lip or mouth)
- Learning disabilities.
- Little to no body hair.
- Low birth weight.
- Mental and physical impairments.
Can sperm cause chromosomal abnormalities?
An estimated 1 to 4 percent of a healthy male’s sperm have abnormal numbers of chromosomes, or aneuploidy, that are caused by errors during cell division (meiosis) in the testis.
What Cannot be detected by karyotyping?
Examples of conditions that cannot be detected by karyotyping include: Cystic fibrosis. Tay-Sachs disease. Sickle cell disease.
What genetic disorders Cannot be detected by karyotyping?
Single gene disorders are conditions that are caused by a change in a single gene. Because there are thousands of genes, there are thousands of single gene disorders. This group of disorders cannot be diagnosed by a karyotype.