The gonads produce gametes (eggs or sperm) which unite during fertilization. They also produce steroid hormones essential for reproduction as well the growth and development of the entire body. The genitalia are the external reproductive structures (penis in males, clitoris and vulva in females).
What structure produces the male gamete?
The testes are responsible for making testosterone, the primary male sex hormone, and for producing sperm. Within the testes are coiled masses of tubes called seminiferous tubules. These tubules are responsible for producing the sperm cells through a process called spermatogenesis.
What produces the gamete?
Gametes are haploid cells, and each cell carries only one copy of each chromosome. These reproductive cells are produced through a type of cell division called meiosis. … These cells develop into sperm or ova. The ova mature in the ovaries of females, and the sperm develop in the testes of males.
What do you call an organ that produces gametes?
A gonad, sex gland, or reproductive gland is a mixed gland that produces the gametes (sex cells) and sex hormones of an organism. In the female of the species the reproductive cells are the egg cells, and in the male the reproductive cells are the sperm.
Why do men produce more gametes?
The sex that produces small and numerous gametes (that is, the male) will more-often-than-not have higher potential reproductive rates. The primary consequence of anisogamy is therefore that reproductive competition (for mates – i.e. sexual selection) will generally be greater in males.
What are some examples of gametes?
In short a gamete is an egg cell (female gamete) or a sperm (male gamete). In animals, ova mature in the ovaries of females and sperm develop in the testes of males. During fertilization, a spermatozoon and ovum unite to form a new diploid organism.
Is a sperm a cell?
In the human reproductive process, two kinds of sex cells, or gametes (GAH-meetz), are involved. The male gamete, or sperm, and the female gamete, the egg or ovum, meet in the female’s reproductive system.
What organ produces gametes in females?
Most people think of the gonads as the male testicles. But both sexes have gonads: In females the gonads are the ovaries, which make female gametes (eggs).
Are gametes alive?
Paulson points out, both the sperm cell and egg cell are living cells, as is the zygote formed from the fusion of the sperm and the egg. So the science tells us that as far as when the zygote is considered “living,” it is a living cell from the beginning.