What does chromatin mean in biology?

Chromatin is a complex of DNA and proteins that forms chromosomes within the nucleus of eukaryotic cells. … Each nucleosome is composed of DNA wrapped around eight proteins called histones.

What is the best definition for chromatin?

Chromatin is a complex of nucleic acids (e.g. DNA or RNA) and proteins (e.g. histones). … Thus, we can define chromatin as a substance consisting of DNA and associated proteins (known as histones).

What is the difference between DNA and chromatin?

The DNA is packaged by special proteins called histones to form chromatin. The chromatin further condenses to form chromosomes.

Difference between Chromosomes and Chromatin
CHROMATIN CHROMOSOMES
Composed of nucleosomes They are condensed chromatin fibers
Unpaired Paired

How many pieces of chromatin are in human cells?

Human diploid cells have 46 pieces of chromatin.

What is the meaning of chromatin in English?

[ kroh-muh-tin ] SHOW IPA. / ˈkroʊ mə tɪn / PHONETIC RESPELLING. noun Cell Biology. the readily stainable substance of a cell nucleus, consisting of DNA, RNA, and various proteins, that forms chromosomes during cell division.

What are the two types of chromatin?

Chromatin exists in two forms. One form, called euchromatin, is less condensed and can be transcribed. The second form, called heterochromatin, is highly condensed and is typically not transcribed.

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