In a broad sense, the term “genotype” refers to the genetic makeup of an organism; in other words, it describes an organism’s complete set of genes. … Each pair of alleles represents the genotype of a specific gene. For example, in sweet pea plants, the gene for flower color has two alleles.
What is genotype and example?
The term just means “the genes a particular organism has.” Any example of a genotype would just be a chart of a particular living thing’s chromosomes, or DNA molecules responsible for various genetic traits.
What are 3 examples of genotype?
Examples of Genotype:
- Height. For an individual’s gene makeup there is tall variety (T) and there is short variety (s). T and s are called the alleles. …
- Freckles or no freckles. Again the information that is passed from parent to child is carried in the cell of the genotype. …
- Lactose intolerance.
What are the six genotypes?
Since there are three different alleles, there are a total of six different genotypes at the human ABO genetic locus. The different possible genotypes are AA, AO, BB, BO, AB, and OO. How are blood types related to the six genotypes?
What is genotype and phenotype class 10th?
The genotype is a set of genes in DNA responsible for unique trait or characteristics while the phenotype is the physical appearance or characteristic of an organism.
What is phenotype example?
Examples of phenotypes include height, wing length, and hair color. Phenotypes also include observable characteristics that can be measured in the laboratory, such as levels of hormones or blood cells.
What means allele?
An allele is a variant form of a gene. Some genes have a variety of different forms, which are located at the same position, or genetic locus, on a chromosome. Genotypes are described as homozygous if there are two identical alleles at a particular locus and as heterozygous if the two alleles differ. …
How do I know my genotype?
Sometimes a genetic test will give you your genotype. Sometimes you just need a bit of genetic luck in your family tree to figure it out. And sometimes you can tell the two genotypes apart just by looking at someone. An obvious way to figure out you genotype is to have a genetic test done.
Can ones genotype change?
Genotype generally remains constant from one environment to another, although occasional spontaneous mutations may occur which cause it to change. However, when the same genotype is subjected to different environments, it can produce a wide range of phenotypes.