In a broad sense, the term “genotype” refers to the genetic makeup of an organism; in other words, it describes an organism’s complete set of genes. … Each pair of alleles represents the genotype of a specific gene. For example, in sweet pea plants, the gene for flower color has two alleles.
What is genotype and example?
The term just means “the genes a particular organism has.” Any example of a genotype would just be a chart of a particular living thing’s chromosomes, or DNA molecules responsible for various genetic traits.
What do you mean by genotype and phenotype?
Genotype can be described as the genetic makeup of an organism. As humans are diploid organisms, they have two alleles at each genetic position, with one allele inherited from each parent. Phenotype refers to the physical properties of an organism, which can be observed with our eyes.
What are 5 examples of genotypes?
Examples of Genotype:
- Height. For an individual’s gene makeup there is tall variety (T) and there is short variety (s). T and s are called the alleles. …
- Freckles or no freckles. Again the information that is passed from parent to child is carried in the cell of the genotype. …
- Lactose intolerance.
What are the six genotypes?
Since there are three different alleles, there are a total of six different genotypes at the human ABO genetic locus. The different possible genotypes are AA, AO, BB, BO, AB, and OO. How are blood types related to the six genotypes?
What are the 3 types of genotypes?
There are three types of genotypes: homozygous dominant, homozygous recessive, and hetrozygous.
What is phenotype example?
Examples of phenotypes include height, wing length, and hair color. Phenotypes also include observable characteristics that can be measured in the laboratory, such as levels of hormones or blood cells.
What is a normal genotype?
An organism’s genotype is its specific combination of alleles for a given gene. … For cystic fibrosis, people with the normal-normal or normal-mutant genotypes have the normal phenotype, while people with the mutant-mutant genotype have the disease phenotype.
What is the best example of a genotype?
Genotype is the set of genes in a DNA which is responsible for a particular trait. Examples of genotype : Eye colour ,Hair colour,Height , Certain diseases,the color stips on the cat.