What are the physiological effects of Down syndrome?

Generalized anxiety. Obsessive compulsive behaviors. Regression with decline in loss of cognitive and social skills. Chronic sleep difficulties, daytime sleepiness, fatigue, and mood related problems (raising concerns of co-existing sleep disorders and sleep apnea)

Is Down syndrome a physiological disorder?

Down syndrome or Down’s syndrome, also known as trisomy 21, is a genetic disorder caused by the presence of all or part of a third copy of chromosome 21. It is usually associated with physical growth delays, mild to moderate intellectual disability, and characteristic facial features.

How does Down syndrome affect an adult physically?

As adults with Down syndrome grow older, there is increased risk of experiencing certain common mental health disorders like depression, anxiety, obsessive compulsive disorder and behavioral disturbances. A sudden or abrupt change in mood or behavior patterns warrants further investigation.

Can a Down syndrome child look normal?

Some of the children with Mosaic Down syndrome that we know do not actually look as if they have Down syndrome – the usual physical features are not obvious. This raises some important and difficult social issues and identity issues for both parents and children, which parents have discussed with us.

What are the 3 types of Down syndrome?

There are three types of Down syndrome:

  • Trisomy 21. This is by far the most common type, where every cell in the body has three copies of chromosome 21 instead of two.
  • Translocation Down syndrome. In this type, each cell has part of an extra chromosome 21, or an entirely extra one. …
  • Mosaic Down syndrome.
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What part of the body does Down syndrome mostly affect?

Down syndrome, the most common chromosome-related genetic condition in the U.S., affects development of the brain and body.

Why is Down syndrome not curable?

Down syndrome is a random occurrence in nature. It has no cure or prevention measures. Down syndrome is not a disease, disorder, defect or medical condition and therefore does not require treatment, prevention or a cure.

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