What are the four types of viral genomes?

RNA viral genomes are broadly divided into double stranded RNA, positive and negative strand single stranded RNAs, monopartite and multipartite RNA viruses.

What are viral genomes?

Viral genomes are very diverse, since they can be DNA or RNA, single- or double-stranded, linear or circular, and vary in length and in the number of DNA or RNA molecules. The viral replication process begins when a virus infects its host by attaching to the host cell and penetrating the cell wall or membrane.

How is the viral genome different from other genomes?

Although viruses are generally the smallest genomes, as a collection of biological genomes they exhibit the greatest variation. The major difference is that some of the genomes are DNA whereas others are RNA. In addition, both DNA and RNA genomes can be either double- or single-stranded (ds or ss).

What is the largest virus?

Mimivirus is the largest and most complex virus known.

Why do viruses have small genomes?

Small genome size is perfectly suited to virus replication, in which each infected host cell produces many copies of the viral genes from a single template. Such exponential replication places a premium on small genome size: the smaller the genome, the faster it can replicate.

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Which statement is wrong for viruses?

Antibiotics don’t act against viruses as they’re made from polymorphic protein coat. So, the correct answer is ‘All of them have helical symmetry‘.

What is the function of the viral genome?

The main function of the virion is to deliver its DNA or RNA genome into the host cell so that the genome can be expressed (transcribed and translated) by the host cell. The viral genome, often with associated basic proteins, is packaged inside a symmetric protein capsid.

Which virus has smallest genome?

The smallest viruses in terms of genome size are single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) viruses. Perhaps the most famous is the bacteriophage Phi-X174 with a genome size of 5386 nucleotides.

Which stage of virus occurs first?

The first stage is entry. Entry involves attachment, in which a virus particle encounters the host cell and attaches to the cell surface, penetration, in which a virus particle reaches the cytoplasm, and uncoating, in which the virus sheds its capsid.

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