A cell that contains both sets of homologous chromosomes is said to be diploid, which means “two sets”. • The number of chromosomes is a diploid cell is represented by the symbol 2N.
What is a cell that contains both sets of homologous chromosomes?
Diploid describes a cell that contain two copies of each chromosome. Nearly all the cells in the human body carry two homologous, or similar, copies of each chromosome. The only exception is cells in the germ line, which go on to produce gametes, or egg and sperm cells.
What does 2n 16 mean?
2n = 16 mean diploid. Haploid is n = 8. For human 2n = 46.
Why do we have two sets of chromosomes?
There is another really important reason for why you have two sets of chromosomes. … The answer is: Because the Y chromosome is much smaller, it does not carry certain genes that the X chromosome has. So males need the X chromosome to survive, whilst the Y chromosome “modifies”/changes their sex.
What is the basis for homology among chromosomes?
One chromosome of each homologous pair comes from the mother (called a maternal chromosome) and one comes from the father (paternal chromsosome). Homologous chromosomes are similiar but not identical. Each carries the same genes in the same order, but the alleles for each trait may not be the same.
Where do homologous pairs come from?
1. A pair of chromosomes made up of two homologs. Homologous chromosomes have corresponding DNA sequences and come from separate parents; one homolog comes from the mother and the other comes from the father. Homologous chromosomes line up and synapse during meiosis.
What is the main difference between Chromatin and chromosomes?
Chromatin is a complex formed by histones packaging the DNA double helix. Chromosomes are structures of proteins and nucleic acids found in the living cells and carry genetic material. Chromatin is composed of nucleosomes. Chromosomes are composed of condensed chromatin fibers.