Question: How would a mutation in a gamete impact the offspring?

If a mutation occurs in a germ-line cell (one that will give rise to gametes, i.e., egg or sperm cells), then this mutation can be passed to an organism’s offspring. This means that every cell in the developing embryo will carry the mutation.

How do mutations affect the gametes and offspring?

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If a mutation occurs in cells that will make gametes by meiosis or during meiosis itself, it can be passed on to offspring and contribute to genetic variability of the population. Mutations are the sole source of genetic variability that can occur in asexual reproduction.

What happens if a mutation occurs in a gamete?

A mutation that occurs in body cells that are not passed along to subsequent generations is a somatic mutation. A mutation that occurs in a gamete or in a cell that gives rise to gametes are special because they impact the next generation and may not affect the adult at all.

Why are most mutations not passed onto offspring?

Because they do not occur in cells that give rise to gametes, the mutation is not passed along to the next generation by sexual means. To maintain this mutation, the individual containing the mutation must be cloned.

What causes a deletion mutation?

A deletion mutation occurs when a wrinkle forms on the DNA template strand and subsequently causes a nucleotide to be omitted from the replicated strand (Figure 3). Figure 3: In a deletion mutation, a wrinkle forms on the DNA template strand, which causes a nucleotide to be omitted from the replicated strand.

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Are all mutations passed onto offspring?

They are present in all body cells and can be passed down to new generations. Acquired mutations occur during an individual’s life. If an acquired mutation occurs in an egg or sperm cell, it can be passed down to the individual’s offspring. Once an acquired mutation is passed down, it is a hereditary mutation.

What causes mutation?

​Mutation. A mutation is a change in a DNA sequence. Mutations can result from DNA copying mistakes made during cell division, exposure to ionizing radiation, exposure to chemicals called mutagens, or infection by viruses.

Which mutation will cause translation to stop?

A nonsense mutation, or its synonym, a stop mutation, is a change in DNA that causes a protein to terminate or end its translation earlier than expected. This is a common form of mutation in humans and in other animals that causes a shortened or nonfunctional protein to be expressed.

Is a mutation that happens during meiosis likely?

A mutation can also happen during meiosis and affect a whole chromosome. There are different types of gene mutations. A point mutation is when an incorrect nucleotide is put into a DNA molecule during replication. If the error is not fixed by DNA polymerase, the DNA is perma- nently changed.

Which mutation is lethal?

A type of mutation in which the effect(s) can result in the death or reduce significantly the expected longevity of an organism carrying the mutation. For instance, brachydactyly is a fatal when the genetic defect is expressed during infancy in homozygous recessive individuals.

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