Babies with Down syndrome have an extra copy of one of these chromosomes, chromosome 21. A medical term for having an extra copy of a chromosome is ‘trisomy. ‘ Down syndrome is also referred to as Trisomy 21.
Does Down syndrome add a chromosome?
People with Down syndrome are born with an extra chromosome. Chromosomes are bundles of genes, and your body relies on having just the right number of them. With Down syndrome, this extra chromosome leads to a range of issues that affect you both mentally and physically. Down syndrome is a lifelong condition.
What is the basis of Down syndrome?
About 95 percent of the time, Down syndrome is caused by trisomy 21 — the person has three copies of chromosome 21, instead of the usual two copies, in all cells. This is caused by abnormal cell division during the development of the sperm cell or the egg cell.
Can a Down syndrome child look normal?
Some of the children with Mosaic Down syndrome that we know do not actually look as if they have Down syndrome – the usual physical features are not obvious. This raises some important and difficult social issues and identity issues for both parents and children, which parents have discussed with us.
Why is Down syndrome not curable?
Down syndrome is a random occurrence in nature. It has no cure or prevention measures. Down syndrome is not a disease, disorder, defect or medical condition and therefore does not require treatment, prevention or a cure.
Can 2 Down syndrome have a baby?
Any couple can have a baby with Down’s syndrome, but it is well known that older women are more likely to have a baby with the condition than younger women. There is controversy about the influence of the father’s age.
Can trisomy 22 be prevented?
There is nothing that the mother or father could do to cause it or prevent it. There are many factors that can affect a woman’s chances of having a second trisomy pregnancy. As I said in the introduction, the key factor is mom’s age.