The sickle cell anemia trait is found on a recessive allele of the hemoglobin gene. This means that you must have two copies of the recessive allele — one from your mother and one from your father — to have the condition.
Is Sickle Cell heterozygous or homozygous?
Sickle cell anemia is an autosomal homozygous (hemoglobin SS or HgSS) recessive trait characterized by RBCs that become sickle (crescent)-shaped when deoxygenated.
Is Sickle Cell Anaemia dominant or recessive?
Sickle cell anemia is inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern, which means that both copies of the gene in each cell have mutations . The parents of an individual with an autosomal recessive condition each carry one copy of the mutated gene, but they typically do not show signs and symptoms of the condition.
What should sickle cell patients avoid?
avoid very strenuous exercise – people with sickle cell disease should be active, but intense activities that cause you to become seriously out of breath are best avoided. avoid alcohol and smoking – alcohol can cause you to become dehydrated and smoking can trigger a serious lung condition called acute chest syndrome.
What is AA in sickle cell?
Like most genes, individuals inherit one from each parent. Examples: If one parent has sickle cell anemia (SS) and the other parent has normal (AA) blood, all of the children will have sickle cell trait.
How can a child have sickle cell anemia if neither parent has it?
Your child would have to inherit two sickle cell genes to have sickle cell disease. So if your child’s father does not have the sickle cell gene, your child can’t get sickle cell disease. But if your child’s father has the sickle cell gene, your child can get sickle cell disease.
Why do only black people get sickle cell?
The reason why so many black people have sickle cell, is that having the trait (so only one copy of the mutated allele) makes people more resistant to malaria. Malaria is a huge problem is sub-saharan Africa.
Can 2 sickle cell carriers get married?
When both individuals are sickle cell carriers, the church discourages them from marrying. Some church denominations, especially in Enugu state, go further and refuse to wed couples when both individuals are sickle cell carriers.
Is Sickle cell anemia more common in males or females?
The male-to-female ratio is 1:1. No sex predilection exists, since sickle cell anemia is not an X-linked disease.