How does mitosis produce two genetically identical cells?

During telophase, the newly separated chromosomes reach the mitotic spindle and a nuclear membrane forms around each set of chromosomes, thus creating two separate nuclei inside the same cell. As Figure 4 illustrates, the cytoplasm then divides to produce two identical cells.

How does mitosis produce 2 genetically identical cells?

Mitosis is used to produce daughter cells that are genetically identical to the parent cells. The cell copies – or ‘replicates’ – its chromosomes, and then splits the copied chromosomes equally to make sure that each daughter cell has a full set.

Does mitosis produce two identical pairs of cells?

Mitosis is a process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells that occurs when a parent cell divides to produce two identical daughter cells.

How does mitosis ensure that daughter cells are identical?

By the end of mitosis each pole of the cell has a complete set of chromosomes. The nuclear membrane reforms, and the cell divides in half, creating two identical daughter cells.

What does high mitotic index mean?

An elevated mitotic index indicates more cells are dividing. In cancer cells, the mitotic index may be elevated compared to normal growth of tissues or cellular repair of the site of an injury.

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Can mitosis occur in all cells?

Mitosis happens in all eukaryotic cells (plants, animals, and fungi). It is the process of cell renewal and growth in a plant, animal or fungus.

Are the daughter cells identical in meiosis?

Like mitosis, meiosis is a form of eukaryotic cell division. … Mitosis creates two identical daughter cells that each contain the same number of chromosomes as their parent cell. In contrast, meiosis gives rise to four unique daughter cells, each of which has half the number of chromosomes as the parent cell.

What are the two identical daughter cells?

Cells divide and reproduce in two ways, mitosis and meiosis. Mitosis results in two identical daughter cells, whereas meiosis results in four sex cells.

Where does mitosis occur in the body?

Cell division by mitosis occurs in all human body cells except the gonads (sex cells). During mitosis, the DNA is exactly copied and a new daughter cell created with the same number of chromosomes as the parent cell, ie 46.

What would happen if cells were in mitosis more than interphase?

What would occur if cells were in mitosis more than they were in interphase? They would grow and duplicate too rapidly. … When a cell seperate incorrectly so you don’t get the right number of chromosomes.

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