How does meiosis explain Mendel’s laws of segregation and independent assortment?

During meiosis, the pairs of homologous chromosome are divided in half to form haploid cells, and this separation, or assortment, of homologous chromosomes is random. This means that all of the maternal chromosomes will not be separated into one cell, while the all paternal chromosomes are separated into another.

How does meiosis explain Mendel’s Law of Independent Assortment?

Meiosis explains the principle of segregation and the principle of independent assortment; the physical separation of alleles during anaphase of meiosis I is responsible for Mendel’s principle of segregation; if alleles for different genes are located on different chromosomes they assort independently of one another at …

How does meiosis lead to segregation and independent assortment quizlet?

During Meiosis, chromosomes line up or assort independently of one another. Therefore , genes located on separate chromosome pairs will also segregate independent of one another.

What best describes the Law of Independent Assortment?

The law of independent assortment was first introduced by a biologist named George Mendell. It stated that when two or more characteristics are inherited, independent assortment would happen and there would be an equal opportunity for both traits to occur together.

What Does the law of Independent Assortment state?

The Principle of Independent Assortment describes how different genes independently separate from one another when reproductive cells develop. … During meiosis, the pairs of homologous chromosome are divided in half to form haploid cells, and this separation, or assortment, of homologous chromosomes is random.

THIS IS INTERESTING:  Best answer: What are the similarities and differences between mitosis and cytokinesis?

What is the role of meiosis in the law of segregation?

In essence, the law states that copies of genes separate or segregate so that each gamete receives only one allele. … The behavior of homologous chromosomes during meiosis can account for the segregation of the alleles at each genetic locus to different gametes.

What is Mendel’s Second Law of Independent Assortment?

Mendel’s 2nd law states that during gamete formation the segregation of each gene pair is independent of other pairs. Mendel’s 2nd law is often referred to as the principle of independent assortment. Both of Mendel’s laws are about segregation, which is the seperation of allele pairs.

All about hereditary diseases