How do you write Down syndrome?

The correct name of this diagnosis is Down syndrome. There is no apostrophe (Down). The “s” in syndrome is not capitalized (syndrome).

How do you refer to someone with Down syndrome?

People with Down syndrome and other medical diagnoses should always be referred to as people first. Instead of describing someone as “a Down syndrome child,” it should be “a child with Down syndrome.” This is called “person first” language and takes care to put the emphasis on a person, not a disability.

Which parent gives Down syndrome?

Normally, at the time of conception a baby inherits genetic information from its parents in the form of 46 chromosomes: 23 from the mother and 23 from the father. In most cases of Down syndrome, a child gets an extra chromosome 21 — for a total of 47 chromosomes instead of 46.

What gender is Down syndrome most common in?

Down syndrome appears to be more common among boys than girls, the study indicates. The condition is also seen more frequently in Hispanic children at birth, though the number of these children appears to level off with that of white children as they age. Black children appear less likely to have Down syndrome.

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What are the signs of Down syndrome during pregnancy?

Some common physical signs of Down syndrome include:

  • Flat face with an upward slant to the eyes.
  • Short neck.
  • Abnormally shaped or small ears.
  • Protruding tongue.
  • Small head.
  • Deep crease in the palm of the hand with relatively short fingers.
  • White spots in the iris of the eye.

What race is Down syndrome most common in?

Babies of every race can have Down syndrome

In the United States, however, black or African American infants with Down syndrome have a lower chance of surviving beyond their first year of life compared with white infants with the condition, according to the CDC.

Can a Down syndrome child look normal?

Some of the children with Mosaic Down syndrome that we know do not actually look as if they have Down syndrome – the usual physical features are not obvious. This raises some important and difficult social issues and identity issues for both parents and children, which parents have discussed with us.

Can Down syndrome be prevented?

There’s no way to prevent Down syndrome. If you’re at high risk of having a child with Down syndrome or you already have one child with Down syndrome, you may want to consult a genetic counselor before becoming pregnant. A genetic counselor can help you understand your chances of having a child with Down syndrome.

Can 2 Down syndrome have a baby?

Any couple can have a baby with Down’s syndrome, but it is well known that older women are more likely to have a baby with the condition than younger women. There is controversy about the influence of the father’s age.

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What are the 3 types of Down syndrome?

There are three types of Down syndrome:

  • Trisomy 21. This is by far the most common type, where every cell in the body has three copies of chromosome 21 instead of two.
  • Translocation Down syndrome. In this type, each cell has part of an extra chromosome 21, or an entirely extra one. …
  • Mosaic Down syndrome.
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