In a broad sense, the term “genotype” refers to the genetic makeup of an organism; in other words, it describes an organism’s complete set of genes. Each pair of alleles represents the genotype of a specific gene. … For example, in sweet pea plants, the gene for flower color has two alleles.
What does genotype mean in simple terms?
Genotype: The genetic constitution (genome) of a cell, an individual, or an organism. The genotype is distinct from the expressed features, or phenotype, of the cell, individual, or organism. The genotype of a person is that person’s genetic makeup. It can pertain to all genes or to a specific gene.
What are 5 examples of genotypes?
Examples of Genotype:
- Height. For an individual’s gene makeup there is tall variety (T) and there is short variety (s). T and s are called the alleles. …
- Freckles or no freckles. Again the information that is passed from parent to child is carried in the cell of the genotype. …
- Lactose intolerance.
Can As marry as?
They refer to the hemoglobin gene constituents on the red blood cells. AC is rare whereas AS and AC are abnormal. Compatible genotypes for marriage are: … AS and AS should not marry, there is every chance of having a child with SS.
Which is the best example of a genotype?
Genotype is the set of genes in a DNA which is responsible for a particular trait. Examples of genotype : Eye colour ,Hair colour,Height , Certain diseases,the color stips on the cat.
Can ones genotype change?
Genotype generally remains constant from one environment to another, although occasional spontaneous mutations may occur which cause it to change. However, when the same genotype is subjected to different environments, it can produce a wide range of phenotypes.
What are the six genotypes?
Since there are three different alleles, there are a total of six different genotypes at the human ABO genetic locus. The different possible genotypes are AA, AO, BB, BO, AB, and OO. How are blood types related to the six genotypes?
What are the 3 types of genotypes?
There are three types of genotypes: homozygous dominant, homozygous recessive, and hetrozygous.
What is a phenotype example?
Examples of phenotypes include height, wing length, and hair color. Phenotypes also include observable characteristics that can be measured in the laboratory, such as levels of hormones or blood cells.
How many type of genotype did we have?
There are six types of genotype in human beings, and they result in some of the physical characteristics of a person. They are distinguished based on the alleles that a person has.