Based on this formula, the allele frequencies of the ABO blood groups in the population was as follows: the frequency of the Io allele (r) = 0.6052 the frequency of the Ia allele (p) = 0.2607 and the frequency of the Ib allele (q) = 0.134.
How many alleles determine a person’s blood type?
The four main blood groups A, B, AB, and O are controlled by three alleles: A, B, and O. As humans are diploid, only two of these can be present in any one genotype. In other words, only two of these alleles are present at the same time in a person’s cell.
How do you calculate allele and genotype frequencies?
The frequency of genotype AA is determined by squaring the allele frequency A. The frequency of genotype Aa is determined by multiplying 2 times the frequency of A times the frequency of a. The frequency of aa is determined by squaring a.
|Aa or A1A2||pq + pq (or 2pq)|
|aa or A2A2||q * q = q2|
What are three alleles for blood types?
Human blood type is determined by codominant alleles. There are three different alleles, known as IA, IB, and i. The IA and IB alleles are co-dominant, and the i allele is recessive. The possible human phenotypes for blood group are type A, type B, type AB, and type O.
What are the blood type frequencies?
The Stanford School of Medicine Blood Center ranks blood types in the United States from rarest to most common as follows:
- AB-negative (. …
- B-negative (1.5 percent)
- AB-positive (3.4 percent)
- A-negative (6.3 percent)
- O-negative (6.6 percent)
- B-positive (8.5 percent)
- A-positive (35.7 percent)
- O-positive (37.4 percent)
Which parent determines the blood type of the child?
Just like eye or hair color, our blood type is inherited from our parents. Each biological parent donates one of two ABO genes to their child. The A and B genes are dominant and the O gene is recessive. For example, if an O gene is paired with an A gene, the blood type will be A.
What is an example of allele frequency?
Example: assuming that in a human population, there are 100 individuals. Since each of them would have two alleles for a particular character (one allele inherited from the father, the other allele from the mother), the total number of genes in this population is 200 (=100 x 2). … Variant: allelic frequency.
What is the frequency of the allele?
An allele frequency is calculated by dividing the number of times the allele of interest is observed in a population by the total number of copies of all the alleles at that particular genetic locus in the population.
How do you find the percentage of allele frequencies?
Answer: The frequency of the dominant (normal) allele in the population (p) is simply 1 – 0.02 = 0.98 (or 98%). The percentage of heterozygous individuals (carriers) in the population. Answer: Since 2pq equals the frequency of heterozygotes or carriers, then the equation will be as follows: 2pq = (2)(.