The human gametes differ from all the other cells in the body because the somatic cells have a complete set of chromosomes i.e 46 chromosomes (diploid). But the gametes have only half the number of chromosomes i.e 23 chromosomes (haploid set). … So, the correct option is ‘haploid’.
How are gametes different from other body cells quizlet?
Terms in this set (9)
Body cells make up the body of the organism, while gametes are sex cells that could be either a sperm or an egg cell. What does homologous mean? It means that each of the 4 chromosomes from one parent has a corresponding chromosome from the other parent.
Why do gametes have different from each other?
Genetic variation is increased by meiosis
During fertilisation, 1 gamete from each parent combines to form a zygote. Because of recombination and independent assortment in meiosis, each gamete contains a different set of DNA. This produces a unique combination of genes in the resulting zygote.
How do gametes differ from other cells in the body Brainpop?
TIM: Gametes are different from other cells in the body: They carry only one copy of each chromosome. That way, when a sperm and egg cell meet up during sex, the result is a full set of paired chromosomes! This process is called fertilization.
What are the two main types of gametes?
Gametes are an organism’s reproductive cells. They are also referred to as sex cells. Female gametes are called ova or egg cells, and male gametes are called sperm.
When two gametes unite they create a?
The process in which two gametes unite is called fertilization . The fertilized cell that results is referred to as a zygote . A zygote is a diploid (or 2N ) cell, which means it contains two copies of each chromosome.
What organism is most likely to reproduce asexually?
Many eukaryotic organisms including plants, animals, and fungi can also reproduce asexually. In vertebrates, the most common form of asexual reproduction is parthenogenesis, which is typically used as an alternative to sexual reproduction in times when reproductive opportunities are limited.