Meiosis is a type of cell division that reduces the number of chromosomes in the parent cell by half and produces four gamete cells. … Meiosis has both similarities to and differences from mitosis, which is a cell division process in which a parent cell produces two identical daughter cells.
Does meiosis produce 2 or 4 cells?
Meiosis is a process where a single cell divides twice to produce four cells containing half the original amount of genetic information. These cells are our sex cells – sperm in males, eggs in females.
Does mitosis create 2 cells?
During mitosis, a eukaryotic cell undergoes a carefully coordinated nuclear division that results in the formation of two genetically identical daughter cells.
What are the steps in meiosis?
There are six stages within each of the divisions, namely prophase, prometaphase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase and cytokinesis.
What is difference between meiosis and mitosis?
Cells divide and reproduce in two ways, mitosis and meiosis. Mitosis results in two identical daughter cells, whereas meiosis results in four sex cells.
Why interphase between meiosis I and meiosis II is short?
Once meiosis starts, the purpose is to produce a haploid gamete. So there is no further need of replication or growth. Hence between meiosis I and meiosis II , there is no interphase.
What happens during meiosis and meiosis II?
Meiosis is a way sex cells (gametes) divide. … In meiosis I, homologous chromosomes separate, while in meiosis II, sister chromatids separate. Meiosis II produces 4 haploid daughter cells, whereas meiosis I produces 2 diploid daughter cells. Genetic recombination (crossing over) only occurs in meiosis I.