A baby with Down Syndrome feels “floppy” or somewhat like a rag-doll when picked up. The low muscle tone, along with reduced strength and endurance, makes learning gross motor skills harder. Hypotonia is quite easily observed in babies with Down Syndrome.
Do people with Down syndrome have abnormal strength?
Results indicated that Down’s syndrome children had a less brisk and more irregular patellar reflex response than normal controls. Furthermore, overall muscular tone was less in these Down’s syndrome subjects and finally, muscular grip strength was inferior in Down’s syndrome children when compared to normal children.
Does Down syndrome make you weaker?
In many children with Down syndrome, the muscles and ligaments that support the neck are weak and loose. This can potentially cause spinal cord compression, in which the small bones in the neck (vertebrae) press on the spinal cord. Compression may lead to reduced muscle coordination, numbness, and weakness.
How does Down syndrome affect the muscular system?
Several musculoskeletal abnormalities are associated with Down syndrome, including hypermobility of the joints, as well as low bone density, resulting in frequent fractures of both long bones & vertebral bodies in this population. Hypermobility is a combined effect of muscle hypotonia and excessive ligamentous laxity.
Does Down syndrome affect physical ability?
Because of certain physical characteristics, which include hypotonia (low muscle tone), ligamentous laxity (looseness of the ligaments that causes increased flexibility in the joints) and decreased strength, children with Down syndrome don’t develop motor skills in the same way that the typically-developing child does.
Can a Down syndrome child look normal?
Some of the children with Mosaic Down syndrome that we know do not actually look as if they have Down syndrome – the usual physical features are not obvious. This raises some important and difficult social issues and identity issues for both parents and children, which parents have discussed with us.
How does Down syndrome affect you intellectually?
Down syndrome can affect learning abilities in different ways, but it usually causes mild to moderate intellectual impairment. Children with Down syndrome have delays in speech and motor skills, and may need help with self-care, such as dressing and grooming.