People with Down syndrome may have large tongues or they may have an average size tongue and a small upper jaw that makes their tongue too large for their mouth. It is also common for people with Down syndrome to have grooves and fissures on their tongues.
Why do Down syndrome have big tongues?
This alteration of the skeleton leads to people with Down’s Syndrome having a recognisable facial appearance. The soft tissue feature most affected is the tongue, which is fissured and protrusive. The tongue appears large because it has to rest in a narrow dental arch.
What does a protruding tongue mean?
Signs & Symptoms
Macroglossia is a disorder characterized by a tongue that is large in proportion to other structures in the mouth. In the congenital type of the disorder, protrusion of the tongue from the mouth may interfere with feeding of the infant. Later, talking may be affected.
What are the oral manifestations of Down syndrome?
The most common orofacial findings in DS include mouth breathing, open bite, relatively enlarged and protruding tongue, drooling, fissured tongue, malocclusion, low level of dental caries and poor oral hygiene (1,2,4-6).
Do Down syndrome babies always have their tongue out?
It is important to talk, sing, smile and make faces at your baby to encourage this development. Young babies often stick out their tongues and babies with Down’s syndrome seem to do so more.
Can a Down syndrome child look normal?
Some of the children with Mosaic Down syndrome that we know do not actually look as if they have Down syndrome – the usual physical features are not obvious. This raises some important and difficult social issues and identity issues for both parents and children, which parents have discussed with us.
What does a large tongue mean?
Expand Section. Macroglossia is most often caused by an increase in the amount of tissue on the tongue, rather than by a growth, such as a tumor. This condition can be seen in certain inherited or congenital (existing at birth) disorders, including: Acromegaly (buildup of too much growth hormone in the body)
How soon can you tell if your baby has Down syndrome?
Diagnostic tests that can identify Down syndrome include: Chorionic villus sampling (CVS). In CVS, cells are taken from the placenta and used to analyze the fetal chromosomes. This test is typically performed in the first trimester, between 10 and 13 weeks of pregnancy.
Can Down syndrome be missed at Birth?
In Some Cases Down Syndrome Is Diagnosed After Birth
“But younger moms often don’t.” She says these parents have usually decided that it isn’t necessary or useful for them to know whether or not their child has Down syndrome ahead of delivering the baby.
What are the 3 types of Down syndrome?
There are three types of Down syndrome:
- Trisomy 21. This is by far the most common type, where every cell in the body has three copies of chromosome 21 instead of two.
- Translocation Down syndrome. In this type, each cell has part of an extra chromosome 21, or an entirely extra one. …
- Mosaic Down syndrome.