2 Alleles are located on chromosomes, which are the structures that hold our genes. Specifically, alleles influence the way our body’s cells work, determining traits and characteristics like skin pigmentation, hair and eye color, height, blood type, and much more.
What do alleles control?
An allele is a viable DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) coding that occupies a given locus (position) on a chromosome. … An example is the gene for blossom color in many species of flower — a single gene controls the color of the petals, but there may be several different versions (or alleles) of the gene.
What do alleles influence?
Alleles contribute to the organism’s phenotype, which is the outward appearance of the organism. Some alleles are dominant or recessive. When an organism is heterozygous at a specific locus and carries one dominant and one recessive allele, the organism will express the dominant phenotype.
Do genes control characteristics?
Genes carry the information that determines your traits (say: trates), which are features or characteristics that are passed on to you — or inherited — from your parents. Each cell in the human body contains about 25,000 to 35,000 genes.
What pairs of alleles determine?
The pair of alleles present on an individual’s chromosomes dictates what eye color will be expressed.
How many alleles are in a trait?
Most traits are determined by more than two alleles. Multiple forms of the allele may exist, though only two will attach to the designated gene site during meiosis. Also, some traits are controlled by two or more gene sites. Both possibilities multiply the number of alleles involved.
How do alleles work?
An allele is one of two or more versions of a gene. An individual inherits two alleles for each gene, one from each parent. If the two alleles are the same, the individual is homozygous for that gene. If the alleles are different, the individual is heterozygous.