Can you inherit chromosomal abnormalities?

Although it is possible to inherit some types of chromosomal abnormalities, most chromosomal disorders (such as Down syndrome and Turner syndrome) are not passed from one generation to the next. Some chromosomal conditions are caused by changes in the number of chromosomes.

Can abnormalities in chromosomes be inherited from a parent?

Chromosomal abnormalities occur where there are missing or extra chromosomes, or pieces of chromosomes. Down syndrome, the most common chromosomal abnormality, is caused by an extra chromosome number 21. Chromosome abnormalities can be inherited from a parent or they can happen by chance.

Who is at high risk for chromosomal abnormalities?

A woman age 35 years or older is at higher risk of having a baby with a chromosomal abnormality. This is because errors in meiosis may be more likely to happen as a result of the aging process. Women are born with all of their eggs already in their ovaries.

Do birth defects run in families?

A gene change also can cause birth defects, like heart defects. These are called single gene disorders, and they run in families. A birth defect is a health condition that is present in a baby at birth.

Can you fix chromosomal abnormalities?

In many cases, there is no treatment or cure for chromosomal abnormalities. However, genetic counseling, occupational therapy, physical therapy and medicines may be recommended.

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Can sperm cause chromosomal abnormalities?

An estimated 1 to 4 percent of a healthy male’s sperm have abnormal numbers of chromosomes, or aneuploidy, that are caused by errors during cell division (meiosis) in the testis.

What is the main cause of chromosomal abnormalities?

Abnormal chromosomes most often happen as a result of an error during cell division. Chromosome abnormalities often happen due to one or more of these: Errors during dividing of sex cells (meiosis) Errors during dividing of other cells (mitosis)

Can birth defects be seen on ultrasound?

Ultrasound is the most common tool used to detect birth defects. Doctors use an ultrasound to conduct a system-by-system analysis of the baby.

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