There is no cure for Down syndrome, but treatment is available to help your child. Your child may need physical, occupational, and speech therapy to help with their development. Many children are helped with early intervention and special education.
What is the life expectancy of trisomy 21?
Many adult patients are healthier and better integrated into society, and life expectancy has improved from 25 years in 1983 to 60 years or higher today. Approximately 75% of concepti with trisomy 21 die in embryonic or fetal life. Approximately 25-30% of patients with Down syndrome die during the first year of life.
Can a Down syndrome child look normal?
Some of the children with Mosaic Down syndrome that we know do not actually look as if they have Down syndrome – the usual physical features are not obvious. This raises some important and difficult social issues and identity issues for both parents and children, which parents have discussed with us.
Can Down syndrome be prevented?
There’s no way to prevent Down syndrome. If you’re at high risk of having a child with Down syndrome or you already have one child with Down syndrome, you may want to consult a genetic counselor before becoming pregnant. A genetic counselor can help you understand your chances of having a child with Down syndrome.
Is Trisomy 21 more common in males or females?
Overall, the two sexes are affected roughly equally. The male-to-female ratio is slightly higher (approximately 1.15:1) in newborns with Down syndrome, but this effect is restricted to neonates with free trisomy 21.
Can trisomy 21 be prevented?
There is no reason to believe parents can do anything to cause or prevent Down syndrome in their child. Researchers don’t know how to prevent the chromosome errors that cause this disorder. Down syndrome can often be diagnosed before birth. After birth, your baby may be diagnosed with a physical exam.
Can you tell if a baby has Down syndrome in an ultrasound?
An ultrasound can detect fluid at the back of a fetus’s neck, which sometimes indicates Down syndrome. The ultrasound test is called measurement of nuchal translucency.