Best answer: What is a prediction of the Hardy Weinberg law if the assumptions about the population is correct?

What is a prediction of the Hardy-Weinberg law if the assumptions about the population is correct? The population’s allelic frequencies stabilize.

What are the predictions given by the Hardy-Weinberg law?

There are five basic Hardy-Weinberg assumptions: no mutation, random mating, no gene flow, infinite population size, and no selection. If the assumptions are not met for a gene, the population may evolve for that gene (the gene’s allele frequencies may change).

What happens when any of the Hardy-Weinberg assumptions is no longer held for a population?

If a population violates one of the following four assumptions, the population may continue to have Hardy–Weinberg proportions each generation, but the allele frequencies will change over time. Selection, in general, causes allele frequencies to change, often quite rapidly.

What is a possible explanation for why a population may not be in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium?

What is a possible explanation for why a population may not be in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium? Evolution is occurring on a trait in the population. When we say “populations evolve, not individuals,” what does this mean? Individuals cannot change their genetic makeup, but genotype frequencies in a population can change.

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Which factor does not affect Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium?

According to the Hardy Weinberg law, the allele and genotype frequencies in a population remain constant under absence of factors responsible for evolution. These factors are namely mutation, recombination, gene migration, genetic drift and natural selection.

What would violate the conditions of Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium?

If a population is in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, there is no evolution taking place in the population. One of the violations of Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium is selective mating. … Hardy-Weinberg requires no migration, random mating, large population size, no natural selection, and no mutation.

Does inbreeding violate Hardy-Weinberg?

Inbreeding – How does it affect a population? In a small population, the sampling of gametes and fertilization to create zygotes causes random error in allele frequencies. This results in a deviation from the Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium. This deviation is larger at small sample sizes and smaller at large sample sizes.

Why is random mating important to Hardy-Weinberg?

If allele frequencies differ between the sexes, it takes two generations of random mating to attain Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. Sex-linked loci require multiple generations to attain equilibrium because one sex has two copies of the gene and the other sex has only one.

How do you know if something is in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium?

To know if a population is in Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium scientists have to observe at least two generations. If the allele frequencies are the same for both generations then the population is in Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium.

What can be said about a population in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium?

The Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium is a principle stating that the genetic variation in a population will remain constant from one generation to the next in the absence of disturbing factors. … For instance, mutations disrupt the equilibrium of allele frequencies by introducing new alleles into a population.

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Which is most likely to occur in a population in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium?

The answer to your question is, Random mating.

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