Best answer: How are polytene chromosomes relevant to the Drosophila melanogaster life cycle?

As the fly larva grows, it keeps the same number of cells, but needs to make much more gene product. The result is that the cells get much bigger and each chromosome divides hundreds of times, but all the strands stay attached to each other.

What are Balbiani rings?

Balbiani rings are exceptionally large puffs on the polytene chromosomes in the dipteran Chironomus tentans. These puffs are particularly well suited for studies of the structure of active genes and the synthesis and transport of specific RNA-protein (RNP) particles.

What is the function of Lampbrush chromosome?

Lampbrush chromosomes are also involved in the production of “masked” mRNAs for early development. The giant granular loops could either be the sites where such mRNAs are packaged or they could be sites where specific alterations of the deoxyribonucleoprotein fiber take place.

Are polytene chromosomes in humans?

While polytene chromosomes are most frequently found in insects, they are critical in diverse organisms from ciliates to plants to humans, and they play important roles in disease progression.

How do polytene chromosomes develop?

Polytene chromosomes develop from the chromosomes of diploid nuclei by successive duplication of each chromosomal element (chromatid) without their segregation. The newly formed chromatids remain associated lengthwise and together form a cable-like structure, referred to as polytene chromosomes.

How many pairs of SAT chromosomes are present in humans?

In humans, each cell normally contains 23 pairs of chromosomes, for a total of 46. Twenty-two of these pairs, called autosomes, look the same in both males and females. The 23rd pair, the sex chromosomes, differ between males and females.

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