Meiosis I is a type of cell division unique to germ cells, while meiosis II is similar to mitosis. Meiosis I, the first meiotic division, begins with prophase I. During prophase I, the complex of DNA and protein known as chromatin condenses to form chromosomes.
Does meiosis produce chromosome?
By the end of meiosis, the resulting reproductive cells, or gametes, each have 23 genetically unique chromosomes. The overall process of meiosis produces four daughter cells from one single parent cell. Each daughter cell is haploid, because it has half the number of chromosomes as the original parent cell.
What is the difference between mitosis and meiosis?
Cells divide and reproduce in two ways, mitosis and meiosis. Mitosis results in two identical daughter cells, whereas meiosis results in four sex cells. Below we highlight the keys differences and similarities between the two types of cell division.
Why is meiosis 2 necessary?
The cells are diploid, therefore in order to distribute the chromosomes eqully among the daughter cells so that they contain half the chromosome , Meiosis II is necessary. … It reduces the chromosome number to half so that the process of fertilisation can restore the original number in the zygote.
Why does meiosis have 2 divisions?
From Amy: Q1 = Cells undergoing mitosis just divide once because they are forming two new genetically identical cells where as in meiosis cells require two sets of divisions because they need to make the cell a haploid cell which only has half of the total number of chromosomes.
What type of cells does meiosis produce?
Meiosis is a type of cell division that reduces the number of chromosomes in the parent cell by half and produces four gamete cells. This process is required to produce egg and sperm cells for sexual reproduction.
How many chromosomes are in mitosis and meiosis?
At the end of mitosis, the two daughter cells will be exact copies of the original cell. Each daughter cell will have 30 chromosomes. At the end of meiosis II, each cell (i.e., gamete) would have half the original number of chromosomes, that is, 15 chromosomes.