Although alexithymia is not a core feature of autism, recent studies have found varying degrees of this trait in 50 to 85% of individuals with ASD.
Is alexithymia related to autism?
Alexithymia is a personality construct characterized by altered emotional awareness which has been gaining diagnostic prevalence in a range of neuropsychiatric disorders, with notably high rates of overlap with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
Can you have alexithymia without autism?
Despite their frequent co-occurrence, alexithymia and autism are independent constructs. Alexithymia is neither necessary nor sufficient for an autism diagnosis, nor is it universal among autistic individuals. Conversely, many individuals show severe degrees of alexithymia without demonstrating autistic symptoms.
What causes alexithymia?
Trait alexithymia is believed to be a characteristic inherent in a person’s personality. Trait alexithymia may be, ‘inborn,’ or caused by events that happen in a person’s early childhood such as neglect or abuse from a primary caregiver.
Do people with alexithymia have empathy?
Such individuals don’t necessarily have apathy. They instead may not have as strong of emotions as their peers, and may have difficulties feeling empathy. Read on to learn more about the possible causes of alexithymia, as well as treatments and therapies for this condition.
Do people with alexithymia lack empathy?
A 2018 study published in the Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders found that people with alexithymia have a harder time expressing empathy, regardless of whether or not they have autism.
What mental disorder causes lack of empathy?
Psychopathy is a personality disorder characterized by a lack of empathy and remorse, shallow affect, glibness, manipulation and callousness.
Can alexithymia be reversed?
Alexithymia and associated high disease burden may be reversible in patients with effective treatment of psoriasis. Proactive recognition of patients who are unable to identify and express their feelings is important.
Do psychopaths have alexithymia?
Both psychopathy and ASD have previously been associated with elevated levels of alexithymia (Louth et al., 1998; Lander et al., 2012; Bird and Cook, 2013), and we also observed modest correlations between psychopathic and ASD traits with alexithymia in the present study.
What is a narcissistic alexithymia?
Alexithymia is when you have trouble identifying and describing your feelings as well as others, and struggle with empathy and NPD (Narcissistic personality disorder) is an overinflation of self importance.
What do you call an emotionless person?
an apathetic electorate” synonyms: uninterested, indifferent, unconcerned, unmoved, unresponsive, impassive, passive, detached, uninvolved, disinterested, unfeeling, unemotional, emotionless, dispassionate, lukewarm, cool, uncaring, half-hearted, lackadaisical, non-committal.
Can you get alexithymia from trauma?
Alexithymia and Trauma
People who experience PTSD are more likely to develop alexithymia. A study of Vietnam veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder revealed that 41 percent of them were alexithymic.