Meiosis is a way sex cells (gametes) divide. … In meiosis I, homologous chromosomes separate, while in meiosis II, sister chromatids separate. Meiosis II produces 4 haploid daughter cells, whereas meiosis I produces 2 diploid daughter cells. Genetic recombination (crossing over) only occurs in meiosis I.
Which is a difference between meiosis I and meiosis II quizlet?
Meiosis I is a reduction division where only one member of a homologous pair enters each daughter cell which becomes halploid. Meiosis II only splits up sister chromatids.
What two stages differ the most between meiosis 1 and 2?
Both Meiosis 1 and 2 have the same phases: Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase and Telophase. One difference is that Meiosis 1 starts with a diploid cell and Meiosis 2 starts with 2 haploid cells, each with a homologous pair. Meiosis 1 results in 2 daughter cells and Meiosis 2 results in 4.
Which of the following best describes the difference between meiosis and mitosis?
Mitosis only occurs in the presence of oxygen, while meiosis can occur in the absence of oxygen. Cells produced by meiosis are genetically identical, and cells produced by mitosis are genetically unique. Mitosis is primarily used to create body cells, and meiosis is primarily used to create sex cells.
What happens during meiosis I and meiosis II quizlet?
In meiosis I, homologous chromosomes separate resulting in a reduction of ploidy. Each daughter cell has only 1 set of chromosomes. Meiosis II, splits the sister chromatids apart.
How do meiosis I and meiosis II differ select the two answers that are correct quizlet?
How do meiosis I and meiosis II differ? Select the TWO answers that are correct. ~Meiosis I divides homologous chromosomes, whereas meiosis II divides sister chromatids. ~Meiosis I is preceded by DNA replication, whereas meiosis II is not preceded by replication.
How do meiosis I and meiosis II contribute to genetic variation?
Because the duplicated chromatids remain joined during meiosis I, each daughter cell receives only one chromosome of each homologous pair. … By shuffling the genetic deck in this way, the gametes resulting from meiosis II have new combinations of maternal and paternal chromosomes, increasing genetic diversity.
What events occur during meiosis I and meiosis II?
In meiosis I, homologous chromosomes separate, whereas in meiosis II, sister chromatids separate. Meiosis II produces four haploid girl cells, whereas meiosis I produces a pair of diploid female offspring cells. Genetic recombination or crossing overonly happens in meiosis I.
What is the major focus of meiosis I?
What is the major focus of Meiosis I? To mix up the genes to promote genetic diversity.
What is the difference between mitosis and meiosis 2?
Cells divide and reproduce in two ways, mitosis and meiosis. Mitosis results in two identical daughter cells, whereas meiosis results in four sex cells. Below we highlight the keys differences and similarities between the two types of cell division.
Why interphase between meiosis I and meiosis II is short?
Once meiosis starts, the purpose is to produce a haploid gamete. So there is no further need of replication or growth. Hence between meiosis I and meiosis II , there is no interphase.