Mitosis. is the process of the division of the nucleus in eukaryotic cells (body cells only). Usually includes four stages: prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase. You just studied 18 terms!
What is the definition of meiosis quizlet?
Meiosis. A process in cell division during which the number of chromosomes decreases to half the original number. It occurs by two divisions of the nucleus and results in the production of 4 sex cells (gametes).
What is Interphase quizlet?
Interphase. the resting phase between successive mitotic divisions of a cell, or between the first and second divisions of meiosis.
What is mitosis used for quizlet?
Mitosis is a way to: growth, cell replacement, build tissues and organs during development and repair damaged tissue. You just studied 31 terms!
Which is an example of mitosis?
Mitosis is the process of dividing a cell and its nucleus into two cells which each have their own nucleus. An example of mitosis is the way the skin cells covering a child’s body all multiply while they are growing. … Prior to mitosis, each chromosome is replicated to form two identical strands (called chromatids).
What is the root word of mitosis?
Mitosis is a process of cell division in which the parent cell makes two new daughter cells, each with the same number of chromosomes as the parent. … The word mitosis comes from the Greek word for “thread.”
How are mitosis and meiosis similar and different?
Mitosis has only one round of cell division, while meiosis has two. … Mitosis produces daughter cells (diploid cells) that are identical to the parent cell, while mitosis produces haploid/monoploid cells that only have half of the normal number of chromosomes.
Why is crossing over important?
This process, also known as crossing over, creates gametes that contain new combinations of genes, which helps maximize the genetic diversity of any offspring that result from the eventual union of two gametes during sexual reproduction.
What is the main result of meiosis quizlet?
Meiosis results in four haploid cells that are genetically different from one another and from the original cell.
What happens in interphase of mitosis quizlet?
What happens during Interphase? The cell grows, replicates its DNA, and prepares to begin mitosis.
Is interphase a part of mitosis quizlet?
What is meant by interphase? This is one of the two main stages in the cell cycle, otherwise known as the “growing stage”, during which the cell roughly doubles everything in its cytoplasm and precisely replicates its chromosomal DNA. Motosis is a part of the Mitotic Phase. …