Answer: Because meiosis creates cells that are destined to become gametes (or reproductive cells), this reduction in chromosome number is critical — without it, the union of two gametes during fertilization would result in offspring with twice the normal number of chromosomes!
Why should we insist to occur when a reduction in the chromosome number has already occurred in meiosis 1?
Reduction of chromosomes occurs in meiosis 1 so that original diploid number is restored in zygote formed by the fusion of haploid gametes. Had there been no reduction, the number of chromosome would have multiplied generation after generation.
Is meiosis is a reduction division?
Ordinary body cells have a complete set of chromosomes. … Meiosis is sometimes called “reduction division” because it reduces the number of chromosomes to half the normal number so that, when fusion of sperm and egg occurs, baby will have the correct number.
What is the difference between meiosis 1 and meiosis 2?
There are two divisions in meiosis; the first division is meiosis I: the number of cells is doubled but the number of chromosomes is not. This results in 1/2 as many chromosomes per cell. The second division is meiosis II: this division is like mitosis; the number of chromosomes does not get reduced.
Why do organisms need both mitosis and meiosis?
Mitosis and meiosis both involve cells dividing to make new cells. This makes them both vital processes for the existence of living things that reproduce sexually. Meiosis makes the cells needed for sexual reproduction to occur, and mitosis replicates non-sex cells needed for growth and development.
How is meiosis similar to mitosis?
Similarities between mitosis and meiosis: Both mitosis and meiosis are processes of cell division. … During the process of meiosis, the number of chromosomes is reduced by half, while in mitosis, they remain the same. Also, mitosis produces 2 diploid cells, while meiosis produces 4 haploid cells.
When number of chromosome is already reduced to half?
The first meiotic division leads to reduction of chromosome number to half and the second meiotic division to segregate the replicated chromosomes.
What part of the body does meiosis occur?
Meiosis occurs in the sex cells, so the sperm and egg cells in the human body, to create even more of themselves.