There was no significant difference in the tooth characteristics and oral hygiene between the two groups. Conclusions: The low caries prevalence in Down syndrome children appears to be due to immune protection caused by the elevated salivary S. mutans specific IgA concentrations.
How does Down syndrome affect the oral cavity?
MALOCCLUSION is found in most people with Down syndrome because of the delayed eruption of permanent teeth and the underdevelopment of the maxilla. A smaller maxilla contributes to an open bite, leading to poor positioning of teeth and increasing the likelihood of periodontal disease and dental caries.
Why do people with Down syndrome have large tongues?
This alteration of the skeleton leads to people with Down’s Syndrome having a recognisable facial appearance. The soft tissue feature most affected is the tongue, which is fissured and protrusive. The tongue appears large because it has to rest in a narrow dental arch.
Why do people with Down syndrome talk the way they do?
Additionally, we have found that many adults with Down syndrome rely on self-talk to vent feelings such as sadness or frustration. They think out loud in order to process daily life events. This is because their speech or cognitive impairments inhibit communication.
Do people with Down syndrome get cavities?
People with Down syndrome do get cavities, so brushing with fluoride toothpaste, flossing between any teeth that touch, and limiting the amount and frequency of sugar and refined carbohydrates eaten will help to prevent the development of cavities.
Can a Down syndrome child look normal?
Some of the children with Mosaic Down syndrome that we know do not actually look as if they have Down syndrome – the usual physical features are not obvious. This raises some important and difficult social issues and identity issues for both parents and children, which parents have discussed with us.
Does Down syndrome get worse with age?
Adults with Down syndrome experience “accelerated aging,” meaning they will age faster than the general population. It is expected that adults with Down syndrome will show physical, medical, and cognitive signs of aging much earlier than what is expected for their age.
What gender is Down syndrome most common in?
Down syndrome appears to be more common among boys than girls, the study indicates. The condition is also seen more frequently in Hispanic children at birth, though the number of these children appears to level off with that of white children as they age. Black children appear less likely to have Down syndrome.