Metaphase. Next, chromosomes assume their most compacted state during metaphase, when the centromeres of all the cell’s chromosomes line up at the equator of the spindle. Metaphase is particularly useful in cytogenetics, because chromosomes can be most easily visualized at this stage.
Why is mitosis important for life?
Importance of Mitosis in Living Process
Genetic stability– Mitosis helps in the splitting of chromosomes during cell division and generates two new daughter cells. … Growth- Mitosis help in increasing the number of cells in a living organism thereby playing a significant role in the growth of a living organism.
Which sequence of stages in mitosis is correct?
Mitosis has four sequential stages: prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase.
What is the major difference between chromatin and chromosomes?
Chromatin is a complex formed by histones packaging the DNA double helix. Chromosomes are structures of proteins and nucleic acids found in the living cells and carry genetic material. Chromatin is composed of nucleosomes. Chromosomes are composed of condensed chromatin fibers.