Which of the following is a correct definition of gametes quizlet?
Gamete. A sex cell that contains the haploid of chromosomes.
What is the best definition for gamete?
A gamete is the male or female reproductive cell that contains half the genetic material of the organism. When two human gametes meet — that is, a sperm cell and an ovum — you get a zygote, a fertilized egg. And, if all goes well, that zygote will become a human baby.
What are the gametes quizlet?
Gametes- sperm and egg cells. Made by meiosis with ½ the regular number of chromosomes in them.
What is the importance of gametes?
Gametes carry half the genetic information of an individual, one ploidy of each type, and are created through meiosis, in which a germ cell undergoes two fissions, resulting in the production of four gametes. In biology, the type of gamete one produces determines the classification of their sex.
What is gamete and its types?
Gametes are an organism’s reproductive cells. They are also referred to as sex cells. Female gametes are called ova or egg cells, and male gametes are called sperm. Gametes are haploid cells, and each cell carries only one copy of each chromosome.
What is the other name of gametes?
Synonyms: sex cell; reproductive cell. Characteristically, one of the gametes is usually larger in size, non-motile. It is known as female gamete or ovum or egg cell. The other gamete cell is motile and smaller in size.
When gametes are formed in the human body this is called?
Gametes are formed through a process of cell division called meiosis. This two-step division process produces four haploid daughter cells. Haploid cells contain only one set of chromosomes. When the haploid male and female gametes unite in a process called fertilization, they form what is called a zygote.
What is allele simple?
An allele is one of two or more versions of a gene. An individual inherits two alleles for each gene, one from each parent. If the two alleles are the same, the individual is homozygous for that gene. If the alleles are different, the individual is heterozygous.
What is called fertilization?
Fertilization: The process of combining the male gamete, or sperm, with the female gamete, or ovum. The product of fertilization is a cell called a zygote.