Mitosis produces haploid cells and meiosis produces diploid cells. Mitosis produces 2 genetically different daughter cells and meiosis produces 2 genetically identical cells.
What description distinguishes the process of meiosis from mitosis?
Cells divide and reproduce in two ways, mitosis and meiosis. Mitosis results in two identical daughter cells, whereas meiosis results in four sex cells.
Which of these correctly distinguishes mitosis from meiosis quizlet?
Answer: The correct answer is D) The number of chromosomes remains the same in mitosis and is reduced by half in meiosis. Mitosis and meiosis are the two forms of cell division.
Which of the following is a reason why a cell might undergo mitosis?
Cells undergo mitosis in order to promote growth or to repair damage. As you get older and grow bigger, you need more cells, and so your cells undergo…
Which of the following processes divides the cytoplasm of cells following mitosis?
Mitosis is nuclear division during which duplicated chromosomes are segregated and distributed into daughter nuclei. Usually the cell will divide after mitosis in a process called cytokinesis in which the cytoplasm is divided and two daughter cells are formed.
What are the similarities and differences of mitosis and meiosis?
Mitosis produces two cells from one parent using one division event. But meiosis produces four new child cells with two divisions, each of which has half the genetic material of its parent. Mitosis takes place all over the body, while meiosis only takes place in the sex organs and produces sex cells.
What are the similarities and difference between mitosis and meiosis?
What Is the Difference Between Mitosis and Meiosis?
|Number of cells created||End result: two daughter cells||End result: four daughter cells|
|Ploidy||Creates diploid daughter cells||Creates haploid daughter cells|
|Genetics||Daughter cells are genetically identical||Daughter cells are genetically different|
Which of the following occurs in both meiosis and mitosis?
Which of the following occur in both mitosis and meiosis? Explanation: The separation of sister chromatids is the only item of the answer choices that occurs in both mitosis and meiosis. Prophase II and metaphase II only occur in meiosis, as does recombination between homologous chromosomes.
Which statement best describes a difference between mitosis and meiosis in humans?
Mitosis only occurs in the presence of oxygen, while meiosis can occur in the absence of oxygen. Cells produced by meiosis are genetically identical, and cells produced by mitosis are genetically unique. Mitosis is primarily used to create body cells, and meiosis is primarily used to create sex cells.
What is the result of recombination crossing over during meiosis quizlet?
Crossing-over results in genetic recombination by producing a new mixture of genetic material. Each homologous pair consists of four chromatids, because each chromosome in the pair had replicated before meiosis began. … The random separation of the homologous chromosomes (tetrads) is called independant assortment.
What are the three functions of mitosis?
Mitosis is important for three main reasons: development and growth cell replacement and asexual reproduction.
What are two reasons why cells undergo the process of mitosis?
Answer: The major purpose of mitosis is for growth and to replace worn out cells. Explanation: The main functions of mitosis are growth and repair. Some cells once fully formed do not undergo cell division, such as nerve cells and muscle cells.