In the human reproductive process, two kinds of sex cells, or gametes (GAH-meetz), are involved. The male gamete, or sperm, and the female gamete, the egg or ovum, meet in the female’s reproductive system.
What is the name of female gametes?
Gametes are an organism’s reproductive cells. They are also referred to as sex cells. Female gametes are called ova or egg cells, and male gametes are called sperm. Gametes are haploid cells, and each cell carries only one copy of each chromosome.
What are the names given to gametes?
Gametes are reproductive cells or sex cells that unite during sexual reproduction to form a new cell called a zygote. Male gametes are called sperm and female gametes are ova (eggs).
What is the name of female gamete where is it produced?
The female gamete is called an ovum or egg. The plural is ova. Ova are produced from germline cells in the ovaries.
Do gametes determine gender?
Sperm cells carry either an X or Y sex chromosome. Female gametes, or eggs, however, contain only the X sex chromosome and are homogametic. The sperm cell determines the sex of an individual in this case. If a sperm cell containing an X chromosome fertilizes an egg, the resulting zygote will be XX, or female.
How are the gametes of males and females formed?
Gametes are formed through meiosis (reduction division), in which a germ cell undergoes two fissions, resulting in the production of four gametes. During fertilization, male and female gametes fuse, producing a diploid (i.e., containing paired chromosomes) zygote.
What is it called when a sperm cell joins with an egg?
Fertilization: A Sperm and an Egg Form a Zygote
When a sperm cell penetrates and fertilizes an egg, that genetic information combines. The 23 chromosomes from the sperm pair with 23 chromosomes in the egg, forming a 46-chromosome cell called a zygote.