Chromosomes are thread-like structures present in the nucleus, which carries genetic information from one generation to another. They play a vital role in cell division, heredity, variation, mutation, repair and regeneration.
What is the function of a chromosome?
Chromosomes carry the basic genetic material DNA which is responsible to provide hereditary characteristics and genetic information to the various cells. The cellular functions are important for the growth and survival of living organisms.
What is the function of chromosome Brainly?
Answer: Chromosomes are often referred to as the ‘packaging material’ that hold DNA and proteins together in eukaryotic cells (cells that have a nucleus). Cell division is a continuous process that must occur for an organism to function, whether for growth, repair, or reproduction.
What is the function of chromosomes short answer?
The main function of chromosomes is to carry the genetic material from one generation to another. Chromosomes play an important role and act as a guiding force in the growth, reproduction, repair and regeneration process, which is important for survival. Chromosomes protect the DNA from getting tangled and damaged.
What are the 2 functions of chromosomes?
The two functions of chromosomes are as follows:
The DNA present on the chromosome transfer the genetic information from parents to the offsprings. The chromosomes play essential role during replication, cell division, and development of the daughter cells.
What are the basic parts of a chromosome?
It turns out that chromosome can be divided into three different parts: the centromere, the arm and the telomere. Notice that the chromosome is often depicted as an X-shaped structure with a constriction in the middle.
What are the functions of chromosomes Class 8?
Answer: Chromosomes are found in the nucleus of a cell. Function: Chromosomes carry genes and help to transfer characters from the parents to the offspring.
What is a gene Brainly?
Answer: A gene is the basic physical and functional unit of heredity. Genes are made up of DNA. Some genes act as instructions to make molecules called proteins.
What are the 4 types of chromosomes?
On the basis of the location of the centromere, chromosomes are classified into four types: metacentric, submetacentric, acrocentric, and telocentric.
What is chromosome Class 9?
Chromosome. Chromosomes are the genetic material present in all the cells. They are present in the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell. They are a thread-like structure. Each chromosome of a eukaryotic cell contains DNA and associated proteins, known as histone proteins.