The primary difference is that in meiosis II only one member of each homolog pair is present, whereas in mitosis both are. During anaphase II, the third step of meiosis II, the sister chromatids of each chromosome separate and move toward opposite poles.
What is the main difference between anaphase of mitosis and anaphase I of meiosis?
Hint: In the Anaphase phase of Mitosis, the equal separation or disjunction of the sister chromatids occurs. In the Anaphase phase of Meiosis I, the separation of homologous chromosomes occur. Meanwhile, the sister chromatids remain attached to each other.
What is the difference between anaphase I and anaphase II?
what’s the difference between anaphase I and anaphase II? products of one are the reactants for the other. … anaphase 2 is like mitosis because separation and splitting up centromere.In anaphase I the homologous chromosomes separate, in anaphase II the centromere splits, in mitosis anaphase the centromere splits.
How many chromosomes are on each side after anaphase 1?
At the conclusion of anaphase, each end of the cell has an identical and complete set of 46 chromosomes or 23 pairs of homologous chromosomes; they are still diploid. Telophase: Telephase begins once the chromosomes have completed separating and reached the opposite poles of the cell.
Why is anaphase 2 important?
During anaphase, each pair of chromosomes is separated into two identical, independent chromosomes. … Anaphase ensures that each daughter cell receives an identical set of chromosomes, and it is followed by the fifth and final phase of mitosis, known as telophase.
What happens during anaphase II?
During anaphase II, microtubules from each spindle attach to each sister chromatid at the kinetochore. The sister chromatids then separate, and the microtubules pull them to opposite poles of the cell. As in mitosis, each chromatid is now considered a separate chromosome (Figure 6).
What are the phases of mitosis?
These phases are prophase, prometaphase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase. Cytokinesis is the final physical cell division that follows telophase, and is therefore sometimes considered a sixth phase of mitosis.
What is the difference between meiosis 1 and meiosis 2?
There are two divisions in meiosis; the first division is meiosis I: the number of cells is doubled but the number of chromosomes is not. This results in 1/2 as many chromosomes per cell. The second division is meiosis II: this division is like mitosis; the number of chromosomes does not get reduced.