During prophase II, chromosomes condense and the nuclear envelope breaks down, if needed. The centrosomes move apart, the spindle forms between them, and the spindle microtubules begin to capture chromosomes. … In metaphase II, the chromosomes line up individually along the metaphase plate.
What is the meaning of prophase 2?
Prophase II is the phase that follows after meiosis I, or after interkinesis if present. If interkinesis takes place, the nuclear envelope and the nucleolus disintegrate during prophase II. The chromosomes are condensed. The centrosomes replicate and move towards the opposite poles.
What is the simple definition of prophase?
1 : the initial stage of mitosis and of the mitotic division of meiosis characterized by the condensation of chromosomes consisting of two chromatids, disappearance of the nucleolus and nuclear membrane, and formation of mitotic spindle.
What 4 things happen during prophase?
- chromosomes condense and become visible.
- spindle fibers emerge from the centrosomes.
- nuclear envelope breaks down.
- nucleolus disappears.
How many chromosomes are in meiosis prophase 2?
In humans (2n = 46), who have 23 pairs of chromosomes, the number of chromosomes remains unchanged from the beginning till the end of meiosis II (n = 23). Spindle fibers reform and attach to centromeres in prophase II.
What are the features of meiosis 2?
In each of the two daughter cells the chromosomes condense again into visible X-shaped structures that can be easily seen under a microscope. The membrane around the nucleus in each daughter cell dissolves away releasing the chromosomes. The centrioles duplicate. The meiotic spindle forms again.