What is homozygous state?

Homozygous describes the genetic condition or the genetic state where an individual has inherited the same DNA sequence for a particular gene from both their biological mother and their biological father. It’s often used in the context of disease.

What is an example of homozygous?

Homozygous examples

You can have brown eyes whether you’re homozygous (two alleles for brown eyes) or heterozygous (one for brown and one for blue). This is unlike the allele for blue eyes, which is recessive. You need two identical blue eye alleles in order to have blue eyes.

What is heterozygous example?

If the two versions are different, you have a heterozygous genotype for that gene. For example, being heterozygous for hair color could mean you have one allele for red hair and one allele for brown hair. The relationship between the two alleles affects which traits are expressed.

What are the symptoms of heterozygous?

Signs and symptoms of heterozygous FH in adults include the following:

  • Long-standing history of severe hypercholesterolemia dating back to childhood.
  • If no previous acute coronary event, symptoms consistent with ischemic heart disease, especially in the presence of other cardiovascular risk factors (especially smoking)

What traits are homozygous?

When a particular gene has identical alleles (versions) of chromosomes inherited from both parents, the gene is homozygous. A homozygous trait is referred to by two capital letters (XX) for a dominant trait, and two lowercase letters (xx) for a recessive trait.

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Is TT homozygous dominant?

When an organism has two of the same alleles for a specific gene, it is homozygous (homo means “same”) for that gene.

Genotype and Phenotype.

Genotype Definition Example
Heterozygous One dominant allele and one recessive allele Tt
Homozygous dominant Two dominant alleles TT
Homozygous recessive Two recessive alleles tt

What is heterozygous and homozygous examples?

Homozygous means that the organism has two copies of the same allele for a gene. … Heterozygous means that an organism has two different alleles of a gene. For example, pea plants can have red flowers and either be homozygous dominant (red-red), or heterozygous (red-white).

Are homologous and homozygous the same?

For example, the two chromosomes located at pair number one in a human karyotype are homologous chromosomes. The term homozygous in genetics refers to the situation where two genes or alleles for a particular trait are the same on a pair of homologous chromosomes.

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